Knowledge, attitude and practice towards adverse drug events reporting among graduating health science students of college of health sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

  • Mamo Senbeta Addis Ababa University
  • Hiluf Maldey School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Melak Gedamu School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Keywords: KAP, ADE, pharmacy students, medical interns, Graduating students

Abstract

Introduction: The knowledge, attitude, and practice of the health sciences students are crucial for their future monitoring and reporting of adverse drug events as professional responsibility.

Aim: To describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice of graduating medicine and pharmacy students at the College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Method: This study was based on a cross-sectional study design. Data were collected through a structured and pilot-tested questionnaire. The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20. The descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean, standard deviation, percentages computed, and the association between variables were conducted using Chi-square. The p-value of < 0.05 was taken as statistically significant.

Result: A total of 140 students were included in this study. The majority of the participants were medicine students 82 (58.6 %) and males 84 (60 %). Most of the respondents, 106 (75.7 %) knew the ADE reporting system, and 126 (98.6 %) drug safety monitoring is important. However, about half of the students 65 (46.4 %) were not aware of the national ADE reporting system. During clerkships 57 (40.7 %) participants encountered at least once ADE, but only 23 (16.4%) of them had reported it. Graduating pharmacy students have better knowledge on “pharmacovigilance” (84.5 % Vs 43.9 %, p < 0.001) but medicine students were better at reporting the encountered ADE (22.0 % Vs 8.6 %, p = 0.04).

Conclusion: The graduating medical interns and pharmacy students have a positive attitude towards ADEs. However, they have a low level of knowledge and practice about voluntary adverse drug events reporting.

Author Biographies

Hiluf Maldey, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy

Melak Gedamu, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy,

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Published
2022-06-01
How to Cite
1.
Senbeta M, Maldey H, Gedamu M. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards adverse drug events reporting among graduating health science students of college of health sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. jpadr [Internet]. 2022Jun.1 [cited 2022Jul.4];3(2):27-3. Available from: https://jpadr.com/index.php/jpadr/article/view/70