The Knowledge, attitude, and practice among Ayurvedic scholars and trainees towards pharmacovigilance: a questionnaire-based survey in Gujarat, India

KAP survey among Ayurveda Scholars towards Pharmacovigilance

  • Rabinarayan Acharya Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar. Gujarat, India, 361008
  • Raghavendra Naik Central Ayurveda Research Institute, Bengaluru, India.
  • Sourav Rang
  • Chitrangad A. Jani
  • Galib All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India
  • Sudipt Rath Department of Dravyaguna, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, India.
Keywords: ADR, Ayush, awareness, knowledge, pharmacovigilance, practice

Abstract

Aim: The study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of scholars and trainees studying in Ayurveda colleges of Gujarat state regarding pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting.

Methods: The questionnaire-based study was carried out during December 2020 and January 2021. Total 29 questions covering points like participants' knowledge, attitude, and practice towards pharmacovigilance, adverse drug reaction reporting, and misleading advertisements related to Ayurveda drugs were made available to participants in Google forms through their Emails. The result was presented using simple frequencies with percentages in appropriate tables.

Results: A total of 1790 scholars and trainees from 17 different colleges of Gujarat state participated in the survey. The majority of participants were BAMS students (97. 15 %) and from private colleges (81. 79%). Analysis of survey data reveals that the majority of the respondents have better knowledge and attitude, but limited practice regarding pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting.  Among the respondents, 86. 74 % had correctly defined the Pharmacovigilance and 69. 32 % knew about the specific ADR reporting form for ASU&H drugs. Even though ADR reporting was considered to be important by a large majority of the participants (87. 95 %), the actual practices of ADR reporting were very low. A large number of respondents were also not familiar with reporting misleading advertisements.

Conclusion: Findings of the present study reflect a good knowledge of the participants about the concept of Pharmacovigilance but lack of skill in practicing the same. The positive attitude towards the practice of Pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting may help in improving ADR monitoring and reporting.  Further, it can be suggested that integration of this subject in the curriculum is pivotal in improving the ongoing pharmacovigilance activities.

Author Biographies

Rabinarayan Acharya, Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar. Gujarat, India, 361008

Professor and Head, Department of Dravyaguna, 

Raghavendra Naik, Central Ayurveda Research Institute, Bengaluru, India.

Research Officer, Coordinator, Peripheral Pharmacovigilance Centre for Ayurveda, 

Sourav Rang

Programme Associate, Intermediary Pharmacovigilance Centre for Ayurveda, Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar, India.

Chitrangad A. Jani

In-charge Public Relation Officer and DEO IPvC, Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar, India.

Galib, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India

Associate professor, Coordinator, National Pharmacovigilance Coordination Centre for ASU& H Drugs, 

Sudipt Rath, Department of Dravyaguna, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, India.

Associate professor

References

Adheed, K. S., Haydar, F. A., & Ghassan, S. A. (2017). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Pharmacovigilance and Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting among Pharmacy Students in Basra University, Iraq. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 46(2), 83-87.

Agarwal, M. (2017). Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice About Pharmacovigilance Among Healthcare Providers of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in New Delhi (India). MAMC J Med Science, 3(3), 146-151.

Arora, D. (2008). Pharmacovigilance obligations of the pharmaceuticals companies. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 40(5), 13-16.

Bagewadi, H. G., Deodurg, P. M., Patil, B. V., Dass, A. P. (2018). Knowledge, attitude, perceptions and assessment of effectiveness of educational intervention on pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students at Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburagi. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 7(1), 103–108.

Chhabra, K. G., Sharma, A., Chhabra, C., Reddy, J. J., Deolia, S. G., & Mittal, Y. (2017). Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices regarding Pharmacovigilance and Adverse Drug Reaction reporting among Dental Students in a Teaching Hospital, Jodhpur, India: A Cross-sectional Study. The journal of contemporary dental practice, 18(10), 964–969.

Desai, C. K., Iyer, G., Panchal, J., Shah, S., & Dikshit, R. K. (2011). An evaluation of knowledge, attitude, and practice of adverse drug reaction reporting among prescribers at a tertiary care hospital. Perspectives in clinical research, 2(4), 129–136.

Gaude, O. S., & Desa, S. (2018). Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reaction reporting among final year medical students-A questionnaire-based study in a tertiary care hospital in Goa. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8(12), 1657–1661.

Gupta, P., & Udupa, A. (2011). Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting and Pharmacovigilance: Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions amongst Resident Doctors. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 3(2), 1064-1069.

Kalikar, M. V., Dakhale, G. N., & Shrirao, M. (2020). Effect of educational intervention on awareness of pharmacovigilance among medical undergraduates in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Perspectives in clinical research, 11(2), 92–96.

Kumar A. (2017). Pharmacovigilance: Importance, concepts, and processes. American journal of health-system pharmacy: AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 74(8), 606–612.

Limaye, D., Shah, P., Shah, A., Pillay, R., Modak, V., Chaudhari, A., Sydymanov, A., Limaye, V., Pitani, R. S., Sathe, S., Fortwengel, G. (2018). A study to determine the knowledge of pharmacovigilance among pharmacy students from Mumbai university. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 6(8), 2621-2625.

Patchva, L. D. (2018). Study on the knowledge of pharmacovigilance among medical students. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 7(6), 1105-1108.

PIB. (2004). Press Information Bureau Government of India. Retrieved 15 June 2021, from https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1542977

Prakash, B. G., Subash, K. R., Reddy, V. C. K., Sujith, K. D. S., Jyothi, P. K., Rao, U. K. (2016). Knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacovigilance among Ayurvedic practitioners: A questionnaire survey in Andhra Pradesh, India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6(5), 475-479.

Rajesh, B., Dharani, D. R., & Waseem, A. (2017). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacovigilance among doctors practicing alternative systems of medicine in Southern India: A questionnaire based study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7(1), 119-122.

Rajesh, R., Vidyasagar, S., & Verma, D. M. (2011). An educational intervention to assess knowledge attitude practice of pharmacovigilance among health care professionals in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. International Journal of PharmTech Research, 3(2), 678-692.

Rathod, K. & Panchal, A. (2014). Knowledge, attitude and practice of community pharmacists of Gujarat towards adverse drug reactions. International Archives of Integrated Medicine, 1(1), 18–25.

Rehan, H. S., Vasudev, K., & Tripathi, C. D. (2002). Adverse drug reaction monitoring: knowledge, attitude and practices of medical students and prescribers. The National medical journal of India, 15(1), 24–26.

Reumerman, M., Tichelaar, J., Piersma, B., Richir, M. C., & van Agtmael, M. A. (2018). Urgent need to modernize pharmacovigilance education in healthcare curricula: review of the literature. European journal of clinical pharmacology, 74(10), 1235–1248.

Sharmind, N., Marzia, A., Syeda, F. H. M., & Hamza, A., M. (2020). Knowledge and Attitude about Pharmacovigilance: A Cross-sectional Study Involving Pharmacy Students of Selected Universities in Bangladesh. Journal of Pharmacovigilance, 8(5), 28-29.

Suveges, L.G., Gesy, K., Wallace, S., Blackburn, J.L., & Appel, W.C. (1995). Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Part II: Evaluation of the Saskatchewan Pilot Project for a Regional Reporting Program in Canada. Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, 29, 581 - 589.

Toklu, H. Z., & Uysal, M. K. (2008). The knowledge and attitude of the Turkish community pharmacists toward pharmacovigilance in the Kadikoy district of Istanbul. Pharmacy world & science: PWS, 30(5), 556–562.

Upadhyaya, H. B., Vora, M. B., Nagar, J. G., & Patel, P. B. (2015). Knowledge, attitude and practices toward pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions in postgraduate students of Tertiary Care Hospital in Gujarat. Journal of advanced pharmaceutical technology & research, 6(1), 29–34.

Vallano, A., Cereza, G., Pedròs, C., Agustí, A., Danés, I., Aguilera, C., & Arnau, J. M. (2005). Obstacles and solutions for spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions in the hospital. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 60(6), 653–658.

van Eekeren, R., Rolfes, L., Koster, A. S., Magro, L., Parthasarathi, G., Al Ramimmy, H., Schutte, T., Tanaka, D., van Puijenbroek, E., & Härmark, L. (2018). What Future Healthcare Professionals Need to Know About Pharmacovigilance: Introduction of the WHO PV Core Curriculum for University Teaching with Focus on Clinical Aspects. Drug safety, 41(11), 1003–1011.

Wallace, S. M., Suveges, L. G., & Gesy, K. F. (1995). Adverse drug reaction reporting part I: A survey of pharmacists and physicians in Saskatchewan. Drug Information Journal, 29, 571-579.

Published
2022-03-01
How to Cite
1.
Acharya R, Naik R, Rang S, Jani CA, R G, Rath S. The Knowledge, attitude, and practice among Ayurvedic scholars and trainees towards pharmacovigilance: a questionnaire-based survey in Gujarat, India. jpadr [Internet]. 2022Mar.1 [cited 2022May25];3(1):26-8. Available from: https://jpadr.com/index.php/jpadr/article/view/60