Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding reporting of Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) among healthcare professionals

  • Girish Hiremath Koppal institute of medical sciences Gangavati road, Koppal
  • Jyothi R Akash institute of medical sciences and research centre Bangalore rural
  • Akash Gadgade Navitas Life Sciences, Bengaluru, India
  • Nikita Sudhir Kulgod BHS Lakeview multi-specialty hospital- Belagavi, Karnataka.
  • Ashwini M Kambalyal KLE College of Pharmacy, Belagavi- 590010, Karnataka
  • Bhoomi Chirag Bagadia Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KAHER, Belgaum.
  • Jhilli Basu Jagannath Gupta Institute of Medical Sciences & Hospital, Kolkata, India
  • Udaya K Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences Gangavati Road, Koppal
Keywords: Vaccine, Adverse Event Following Immunization, Healthcare workers, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice

Abstract

Background: Vaccines enhance immunity, yet Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) challenge public trust and immunization coverage by impacting safety perceptions.

Materials and Methods: In Karnataka, India, this cross-sectional study employed self-administered questionnaires at sub-centers (SC) and primary health centers (PHC). Findings were tabulated and analyzed using chi-square (p<0.05).

Results: From 247 subjects, the study achieved a 95% response rate. Notably, 65% exhibited proficient AEFI knowledge, and 88% possessed a favorable attitude toward reporting practices. Age, gender, prior training, and service duration were significant factors for knowledge distinctions. Attitude variations correlated with age, AEFI knowledge, and previous training. Identified barriers impact knowledge, attitude, and reporting.

Conclusion: The majority of healthcare workers at PHC and SC had good knowledge and positive attitudes with good reporting practices of AEFI. A few factors that hinder the diagnosis and reporting must be addressed by routine in-service training. The use of e-media should be brought into practice.

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Author Biographies

Girish Hiremath, Koppal institute of medical sciences Gangavati road, Koppal

Assistant professor, Department of pediatrics

Jyothi R, Akash institute of medical sciences and research centre Bangalore rural

Assistant Professor, Dept of pharmacology

Akash Gadgade, Navitas Life Sciences, Bengaluru, India

Associate Medical Director

Nikita Sudhir Kulgod, BHS Lakeview multi-specialty hospital- Belagavi, Karnataka.

Clinical research assistant

Ashwini M Kambalyal, KLE College of Pharmacy, Belagavi- 590010, Karnataka

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Bhoomi Chirag Bagadia, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KAHER, Belgaum.

MBBS Intern  

Jhilli Basu, Jagannath Gupta Institute of Medical Sciences & Hospital, Kolkata, India

Assistant professor, Dept of pharmacology

Udaya K, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences Gangavati Road, Koppal

Assistant professor, Department of Pediatrics

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Published
2023-12-01
How to Cite
1.
Hiremath G, R J, Gadgade A, Kulgod NS, Kambalyal AM, Bagadia BC, Basu J, K U. Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding reporting of Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) among healthcare professionals. jpadr [Internet]. 2023Dec.1 [cited 2024Feb.21];4(4):16-3. Available from: https://jpadr.com/index.php/jpadr/article/view/152