Evaluation of anticonvulsant activity of Bixa Orellana Linn. seed
Introduction: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder with recurrent seizures, often inadequately controlled by existing medications. Despite the availability of antiepileptic drugs, many patients experience inadequate seizure control and adverse effects, prompting the exploration of alternative treatments. Bixa orellana Linn., known as Annatto or Achiote, has traditional use for seizures. Objective: This study explored the anticonvulsant properties of Bixa orellana Linn. seed extract using animal models.
Method: The extract was then tested in animal models, including the maximal electroshock seizure (MES) and Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) models.
Results and Discussion: The extract exhibited significant anticonvulsant activity in both the maximal electroshock seizure (MES) and Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) models. It delayed clonus onset, reduced the duration of the tonic extensor phase, and provided 100% protection against convulsions at medium and high doses in the MES model. In the PTZ model, it increased convulsion latency and offered high protection. Bixa orellana Linn. seeds show promise as a natural antiepileptic agent, warranting further research for mechanistic understanding and identification of bioactive compounds.
Conclusion: Developing new antiepileptic drugs from natural sources like Bixa orellana Linn. could offer alternative treatment options for epilepsy.
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