Risk-benefit associated with azithromycin: A brief review

  • Anil Kumar Pradhan Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences Brahmapur, Odisha India- 760004
  • Ajit Nahak Royal College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Brahmapur, Odisha India- 760002
  • Gyanendra Narayan Mohapatra Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences Brahmapur, Odisha India- 760004
Keywords: Macrolide antibiotics, ductopenia, leukopenia, conjunctivitis, non-occupational allergic contact dermatitis, ototoxicity


Introductions: Azithromycin is the most popular prescribed antimicrobial agent around the world. It comes under the class of macrolide antibiotics. Because of its higher efficacy, tolerance, and broad-spectrum activity, it is primarily used in upper and lower respiratory tract infections, some sexually transmitted infections, and major bacterial infections.

Methods: Pieces of literature were reviewed to access the risk and benefits associated with azithromycin.

Results: Generally, this is commercially available in solids, liquids, and ophthalmic formulations due to its minimal adverse events. It is also used in the case of COVID-19 drug therapy due to its pharmacological and therapeutic properties.

Conclusions: The review of literature presented that it may increase the risk of cardiac death, hepatic injury, ototoxicity, hypersensitivity reactions.


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Author Biographies

Anil Kumar Pradhan, Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences Brahmapur, Odisha India- 760004

Department of Pharmacology

Ajit Nahak, Royal College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Brahmapur, Odisha India- 760002

Department of Pharmacology

Gyanendra Narayan Mohapatra, Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences Brahmapur, Odisha India- 760004

Department of Pharmacology


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How to Cite
Pradhan AK, Nahak A, Mohapatra GN. Risk-benefit associated with azithromycin: A brief review. jpadr [Internet]. 2020Dec.1 [cited 2024Feb.21];1(2):1-. Available from: https://jpadr.com/index.php/jpadr/article/view/12